Root Canal Therapy

What is a Root Canal?

When the nerve of the tooth is infected, a root canal may be necessary to save the tooth. A root canal is a procedure where the infected pulp is removed from inside the tooth to allow for cleaning and disinfecting before filling and sealing the tooth. This process allows you to keep your natural tooth instead of having it extracted to eliminate the infection.

Symptoms that root canal therapy may be needed can include:

  • Minimal to severe pain
  • Tooth discolouration
  • Highly sensitive to hot and cold
  • Swelling and irritation in the surrounding gum tissue
  • Sometimes no symptoms are present
What is the Procedure for a Root Canal?

Root canal therapy is the process of removing infected, injured, or dead pulp (the living tissue inside the tooth) from the space inside your tooth – called the root canal system. The canal is then filled with materials designed to prevent infection from recurring and restore the tooth to its full function. A successful root canal treatment lets you keep your tooth rather than having it extracted. Keeping your tooth helps to prevent adjacent teeth from drifting out of line, causing further problems.

Your dentist may recommend root canal therapy for the following reasons:

  • Decay has reached the tooth pulp (the living tissue inside the tooth).
  • Infection or abscess has developed inside the tooth or at the root tip.
  • Injury or trauma to the tooth

Tooth extractions may be required to address problems related to tooth decay, infection, trauma, fractures, and even overcrowding. Sometimes, the application of braces will also necessitate a few tooth extractions to accommodate the shifting that will occur during treatment.

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